Friday, January 30, 2009

Friday Form A Circle – Ritual To Get A Job

Job Ritual

Here are the things you need:

  • 3 white candles(to add to your spiritual strength)
  • 1 pink ( to add to your general success)
  • 1 yellow ( to instill confidence)
  • 1 green ( for money, luck financial success)
  • 1 purple ( to give ambition, and to promote business progress)
  • 1 black ( to soak up the negative energies)
  • Oils, either success oil (if you have it) or Frankincense oil, your choice really.
  • Incense: frankincense, or myrrh( again your choice)

Carve into each candle a pentagram  Anoint the candles. Write on a piece of parchment paper what you desire and if you know the name of the person that would do the interview write their name on the paper. If you don't have the name of the person interviewing you, write down the company name. Then write down these words, for Power, Skill and Fame


Now meditate and say this ritual:

Daily desire in myself grows
To have (name what it is you desire) in my life show.
Soon this reality I will know.
What I am seeking will seek me
I have the power to see it through
So my desire to ( name desire) will come to me
Energy flowing giving added strength to me
Success in my desires growing steadily
(name desire) is realized quickly
(name desire) coming to the fore
(name desire) to have forevermore.

Sit and meditate on what you want, Repeat this ritual for 9 days.
This ritual needs to be done at night. At the end of the 9 days, burn the paper over the green candle.

Disclaimer: No one involved in this blog or its contents may be held responsible for any adverse reactions arising from following any of the instructions / recipes on this list. It is the reader's personal responsibility to exercise all precautions and use his or her own discretion if following any instructions or advice from this blog.

Thursday, January 29, 2009

Thursday This Is Your Spell - Spell For Depression

Spell For Depression
found at
khakani’s mystical world


  • 3 black candles
  • 3 white candles
  • cedar chips
  • rose petals
  • catnip
  • cinnamon

Go outside, somewhere where you can feel the air, and open a circle. Kneel in the middle of the circle facing east. Place the candles in a semi-circle in front of you, and light each one. On a fire proof plate, start a small fire of cedar chops. Sprinkle the rose petals, catnip and cinnamon in the fire while saying:

Earth and Fire, Water and Air
Hear my prayer, Hear my prayer
Take this depression, Take it away
Give me the strength To face a new day.

When the fire dies down, splash a little blessed water on the fire. Take the wet ashes and throw them as far from you as you can and say:

With these ashes go my pain,
From the healing fires,
New strength regained.

Thank the elements for hearing you, and close the circle.

Disclaimer: No one involved in this blog or its contents may be held responsible for any adverse reactions arising from following any of the instructions / recipes on this list. It is the reader's personal responsibility to exercise all precautions and use his or her own discretion if following any instructions or advice from this blog.

Sunday, January 18, 2009

Sunday Surprise - The Lost Heritage Of The Elder Races.

Our kind is not the first to live on the green earth, and it shall not be the last. There have been civilizations of which we have no knowledge which have vanished with hardly a trace. In time, we shall follow them, for we are related to more than merely those of humankind. The legends of the Old Religion say that "Single is the race of Gods and men, and from a single source we both draw breath." The Gods are our kin; so also are the Elder Ones - for at length it becomes impossible to separate one from the other. It is given to each race to have this world for a while - to learn and to progress upward toward a finer plane; then, when sufficient development and sufficient wisdom is attained, to depart for another realm of existence, leaving behind their lands and works for a newer, less-developed people to try to understand and attempt to use. We do not know how many earlier races there have been, only that some were non-human and pre-human. Ancient lore speaks of the Tuatha de Damnu, the Tuatha de Danaan, and those whom we call Elven or Faery.

The worlds to which the Elder races ascend are superior in every way to this world of ours. They are places of beauty, of Magic, of mystery, of brilliant and joyous color. Life goes on there, and all manner of normal events, though on a higher level of existence. Death also exists, though its meanings and imports are not so dread as here - being merely an intermediate change in lives, throughout which consciousness and memory is retained. All of the arts and sciences, love, and even love-making are far more compelling and enthralling in those far regions.

Transition to the Otherworlds is made by Magic of the mind. The one making it becomes insubstantial, invisible, then vanishes altogether from the perception of the earthbound. Returns are possible, but become less and less likely. This Magic method is said to be known to the highest adepts of the Craft. The method for this transition, however, generally must be sought out and gained by the individuals, for it involves not just surface knowledge, but a deep understanding within the very depths of the soul. It cannot fully be written, and is not easily passed between people by any normal means.

One seeking this manner of transformation is advised to study the lore of the Elven Folk, who are perhaps the closest to us and of whom some knowledge yet remains. The ways are of moonlight and forest, silent meadows and mists, of candles and firelight, and the Magic of being "between the worlds." Myth and legend have the keys, and the practice of spells and Magics will condition the mind and the body for the change.

from: A Grimoire of Shadows: Witchcraft, Paganism, & Magick

by Ed Fitch, posted by Elder Pagan

Disclaimer: No one involved in this blog or its contents may be held responsible for any adverse reactions arising from following any of the instructions / recipes on this list. It is the reader's personal responsibility to exercise all precautions and use his or her own discretion if following any instructions or advice from this blog.

Friday, January 16, 2009

Friday Form A Circle – A Ritual for Two

* A Ritual for Two *
Adapted from J. Broch and Veronica MacLer's
Seasonal Dance

Preparation: Decorate the Circle with buds of flowers, if available. All element candles and other candles around the circle should be white. Ring the Circle with small white candles. Place the cauldron and three large white candles on the altar, ringed with new greenery. Each person should have a small, unlit white taper (3 inch) and a slip of paper with the words to the songs as he or she enters the circle. Because this is the festival when the ewes begin producing milk for the newborn lambs, use milk or a beverage like Irish Crème Liquor in the chalice.

The Ritual: Priestess invokes the elements. She moves deosil to the North (Earth) quarter and says:

"Spirits of the empty fields, waiting silently
under a blanket of snow, join us in greeting our lady bright."

The Priestess then moves to the East (Air) quarter and says:

"Spirits of the warming winds, blowing ever
stronger from the south, join us in greeting our lady bright."

The Priestess then moves to the South (Fire) quarter and says:

"Spirits of the shining flame, burning in the
infant Sun, join us in greeting our lady bright."

The Priestess moves to the West (Water) quarter and says:

"Spirits of the forest streams, breaking free
from your prison of ice, join us in greeting our lady bright."

Priestess returns to the altar and lights the first altar candle,, and says:

"Bridgit, lady of fire, of hearth and forge,
we welcome your return."

Priestess lights the second altar candle and says:

"Bride, lady of healing, of peace and joy,
we welcome your return."

Priestess lights the third altar candle and says:

"Bri'id, lady of inspiration, of vision and poetry,
we welcome your return."

Priestess raises hands in invocation and says:

"Bri'id returns from her winter sleep,
Warm Spring follows in her steps.
Soon the trees are green again,
Soon the flowers bloom.
We welcome back our Lady Bri'id
And every house makes room."

Companion says:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

The Priestess says:

"She lays aside her cloak of death
And wakes the world with her sweet breath."

Companion says:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

The Priestess says:

"And in the dark and frozen lands
We joyfully greet the newborn lambs."

Companion says:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

The Priestess says:

"And grateful for this sign of life
We gather here by candlelight."

Companion says:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

The Priestess says:

"And in the depths of winter's blight
We welcome Bri'id, our Lady Bright."

Companion says:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

The Priestess says:

"And all her bards will form a ring
And to their Lady Bri'id they sing:"

Companion says:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

The Priestess takes her candle and lights it from the first alter candle. She says:

"Fire of Bridgit, keep us warm through the
year and fill our home with love."

The Priestess holds her candle in the flame of the second altar candle. She says:

"Fire of Bride, burn away our illnesses
and fill our hearts with joy."

The Priestess holds her candle in the flame of the third altar candle. She says:

"Fire of Bri'id, shine as our guide
and fill our souls with song."

The Priestess turns to her companion in the circle and lights their candle from her own. She says:

"Bridgit of shining fire,
Lady of flickering flame,
Grant us our heart's desire,
Be with us, we call your name!"

The Priestess' companion hold her/his candle to hers. The companion says:

"Bridgit of shining fire,
Lady of flickering flame,
Grant us our heart's desire,
Be with us, we call your name!"

The companion then lights the candles around the circle, deosil while saying:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

When the companion returns to the alter the Priestess and her companion place their candles upon the altar. Together they repeat aloud the following:

"Bridgit of shining fire,
Grant us our heart's desire,
Be with us, we call your name!"

The Priestess takes up the chalice holding it skyward and says:

"Bridgit, Bride, Bri'id,
We welcome you into our home and our hearts.
Shine brightly for us, Lady of Fire,
That we may always feel your warmth."

The Priestess drinks from the chalice while her companion says:

"Bridgit of shining fire,
Lady of flickering flame,
Grant us our heart's desire,
Be with us, we call your name!"

The Priestess passes the chalice to her companion who drinks from it while the Priestess says:

"Bridgit of shining fire,
Lady of flickering flame,
Grant us our heart's desire,
Be with us, we call your name!"

Replace the chalice on the altar. The Priestess thanks the elements (moving widdershins beginning with the West) and says:

"Rejoice, oh spirits of the Stream:
Bri'id is come! You soon flow free!
Spirits of the infant Sun,
Rejoice! Your Lady Bri'id is come!
Spirits of the warming Air,
Rejoice! Your Lady Bri'id is here!
Rejoice oh spirits of the Earth!
Bri'id is here! You soon give birth!"

The Priestess returns to the altar and raises hands in benediction. She says:

"Lady Bri'id, we welcome you into the world once again!
Our Circle is open. Let the feasting begin!"

The companion lifts hands skyward and says:

"Bri'id is come! Bri'id is welcome!"

The Priestess and companion now partake of the feast, thus completing the ritual.

Blessed be!

Disclaimer: No one involved in this blog or its contents may be held responsible for any adverse reactions arising from following any of the instructions / recipes on this list. It is the reader's personal responsibility to exercise all precautions and use his or her own discretion if following any instructions or advice from this blog.

Thursday, January 15, 2009

Thursday This Is Your Spell – Candle Magic for Candlemas

* Candle Magic for Candlemas *
Talisman Winterhawk L.C.W. U.L.C. PhD.;
New Moon Pagan Wicca Witchcraft Occult Shop

As in ancient times before civilization, fire has always been used to promote a feeling of safety and warmth. When our forebears found that sticks in the fire would burn longer and brighter with the fat from a kill on it the first candles were born. Fire has always held a sacred position in the hearts of human kind. The use of candles whether from animal fat or bees wax was common by the 5th Century A.D.

In the Middle Ages they found that bark from trees, berries, and other dyes could be added to the fat or wax for coloration. Michelangelo used ores to give candles a blue color. The Catholic Church found that using red candles brought a higher level of energy to their High Mass. Our Wicca mothers used to add hemp or aloe to green candles for financial gain. With the advent of color psychology we now know why yellow would be a good color to stimulate the intellect. The full list of candle colors and their associations are as follows**:


  • Day – Monday
  • Planet – Moon
  • Purity, Truth, Sincerity, High Spiritual Ideals.


  • Day – Sunday
  • Planet - The Sun
  • Attraction, Persuasion, Charm, Confidence
  • Zodiac sign - Leo


  • Day – Wednesday
  • Planet – Mercury
  • Stimulates the intellect. Anything to do with the mind or the brain
  • Business
  • Zodiac sign - Gemini


  • Day – Friday
  • Planet – Venus
  • Vitality, Money, Balance,
  • Zodiac sign - Virgo and sometimes Taurus


  • Day – Thursday
  • Planet – Jupiter
  • Lighter... Tranquility, Understanding, Patience, Health
  • Darker... Impulsiveness, Depression, Changeability
  • Zodiac sign - Sagittarius The more teal or blue green belongs to Aquarius


  • Day – Tuesday
  • Planet - Mars.
  • Lighter... Honor, Love, Morality
  • Mid rage... High levels of energy. Sexual energy.
  • Darker... Martial pursuits, hate, vengeance
  • Zodiac sign - Aries, darker red - Scorpio


  • Encouragement, Adaptability, Stimulation, Attraction.
  • Zodiac sign - Taurus


  • Day – Saturday
  • Planet – Saturn
  • Ambition, Power, Royalty
  • Darker... Restriction
  • Zodiac sign - Capricorn and Pisces. The more lavender belongs to Libra


  • Planet – Earth
  • Keeps thing as they are. The darker the color the more stagnant things become.


  • Reversing, absorbing.

Silver / Gray

  • Cancellation, Neutrality,
  • More Silver... True Moon Psychic Powers.
  • Zodiac sign - Cancer

Why does Candle Magic Work?

As a candle burns it releases not only it's wax but it's color into the atmosphere. Whatever has been connected with the candle- as in the form of embedded energy - or written on the candle will transmigrate to a plane where it can do what you have intended and focused on it to do. A candle, like everything else used for a magical purpose, has to be consecrated. Use a general consecration for candles. They are creatures of Fire or of Art.

After consecration a candle must be dressed. This consists of anointing the candle with a special oil you have chosen for the purpose in mind. If you are drawing money to you I would suggest "Money Draw Oil". If you are healing a friend I would use "Health Oil”. The recipes for these and other oils and incense are in Herman Slater's  "Magickal Formulary"  or Scott Cunning ham's The Complete Book of Incense, Oils & Brews . Both are excellent.

To dress a candle correctly, liberally dab some oil on your finger. Touching the top of the candle say, "As Above". Touch the bottom and say, "So Below". Starting at the center touch the candle with more oil and move your finger to the top. Lift you finger off and place it again in the center and stroke the candle to the bottom. Do not move your finger in an up and down motion. This confuses the energies. Do this until the candle is coated. There are many other things you can do to embed a candle to your purpose. You can etch runes in it; a name on it; a purpose for it to perform.. Really the list is endless.

If you are doing a Solar spell consult the table for the proper hour, i.e., Sunday on a Sun hour. Consult the celestial guide to see if Mars and Saturn are not square, in opposition or conjunct to your purpose (unless you are trying to wreck havoc... watch that Karma) and that the Moon is not V/C. (void of course). For a spell that is to bring things to you the Moon needs to be "waxing" . For a repelling or banishing spell the Moon needs to be "waning".

Simple Spells, Mixed Spells, and Complex Spells

All the formulas given here have the same basic concepts. They are timing, intent and focus. For timing one would go to an astrological table (celestial guide), days and hours table. For focus refer to an herbal listing magical properties of each, (and possibly a gem or stone guide too), and last but not least an oil and/or incense formularies. (Not easy being a Witch is it?). Next decided whether the spell is going to need a Deity push (invoking the God and Goddess of your choice) or maybe just an elemental. Decided how much power this spell will need. (You wouldn't use a nuclear weapon to blow out a match but you do want to make sure that the spell will work.)

Simple Candle Spell

A simple candle spell consists of usually one candle of the necessary color, the special purpose oil and the matching incense. The spell will be performed on the correct time with all necessary symbols engraved on the candle. The candle is lit and allowed to burn all the way down at one time.

Mixed Candle Spells

This gets a little more complicated. There are 1 day spells as the one above, 3 day spells, 7 day spells, 14 and 21 day spells. I have yet to see a 28 day spell work. (Something about the Moon going full circle nullifying the spell...try it if you don't believe me..). 3day,7day,14day,and 21 day spells all have the same thing in common. They are started on the appropriate hour and last only one hour per day, that is to say... If we are doing a Solar spell we would start on a Sunday in the first hour (Sun hour for that day) and let the candle burn for only one hour. The next day we would light the candle in the first hour which would be a Moon hour on a Moon day. Lastly we would light the candle again on the first hour of the last day and that would be a Mars hour on a Mars day letting the candle burn all the way down on the third day.

A note here about putting out candles. do not blow out a candle***. Snuff it. Blowing out a candle finalizes the energy not to mention pissing off the Fire elemental. The only time you would blow out a magical candle is when you need and emergency STOP. There will be a backlash so be prepared. Regardless,  if the Moon is Void of Course on any of the other days you would still follow through just as long as when you started the spell the Moon was in a positive aspect to your intent.

Adding power is really a simple process. Before starting the spell write a chant that you will do upon lighting the candle each day. Once the process of the spell is underway (the candle is lit) one could write a petition to a Deity or an elemental using Dragon’s Blood Ink on parchment and burn it with the incense in the thurible. Further, one could use a sigil or seal and do the same thing. A sigil or seal can be placed under the candle and burned later after the spell is complete. The combinations are endless. Specific gems and stones can be placed around or near the candle to give it more power. Herbs can be embedded or sprinkled around the alter area for more potential too.

Complex Candle Spells

Complex candle spells require some space. The idea behind them is that you are building a world with candles and influencing that world by moving the candles around as you would have events move in the physical plane. When candles move toward something then that "thing" is getting closer to the person the spell is for. As the candles move away from a person then that "thing" is moving away in turn. In a complex spell there are many factors to contemplate. What color candles do I use for what? What different incenses and oils for what candle, and how many different sigils or seals are necessary? Before attempting the complex variety I would suggest reading all the information there is. These are the hardest to reverse. In general a candle spell looks like this:

  • Gather materials i.e.., what color candle, type oil and incense
  • Will I need inks?
  • Will I need to write on the candle?
  • Do I need to invoke the God and Goddess?
  • What is the Timing?
  • Cast a circle (not absolutely necessary but I do it).
  • Consecrate candle.
  • Write on candle (if desired).
  • Dress Candle
  • Write petition (if using one)
  • Add incense to thurible
  • Light Candle and meditate on intent
  • Burn petition in thurible ( if using one)
  • When the spell is complete if you are trying to invoke something cast the ashes to the wind and bury the excess wax in a secret place. If you are banishing something, throw the remains in the garbage.

To reverse a candle spell (this works for most other spells too)

  • Gather all melted wax, burned incense
  • recopy all sigils, seals and even the chant used in the spell you want to reverse or stop.  (Sometimes it isn't available due to throwing things to the wind or putting things in the garbage... get what you can!)
  • Gather up a gray candle.
  • You will need reversing oil and incense.

On a waning Moon duly cast a circle. Place the candle in the middle of the alter. Place all the items from the spell you want reverse or stop around the gray candle. Using your athame point at the gray candle and say:

"These things have I enmagicked
be will now cease to exist,
Go back the way you have begun,
cease now and desist.
With harm to none and no alarm
the energies dissipate,
Return all things now as they were,
I relinquish them to fate.
Nema, Nema, Nema."

(make banishing Earth Pentagram and light candle) (let burn all the way)

**I am including these colors as this is how the article was written, however, these associations may not be accurate for you. I truly believe much of the most effective magic is instinctual. For me the color associations are different, i.e. orange is for calm & peacefulness…Do what works for you and you will find it does – work for you that is *grin*

***additional note from dawtch – I disagree with this theory – that blowing out a candle “scatters” the spell intent, so they should be snuffed. I guess I am just too logical – in my brain, “snuffing” a candle will also “snuff” the energy and force it back into the candle rather than releasing it to the Universe. Conversely, when you “blow out” a candle, rather than “scattering” the energy as many claim, it seems to me, you are sending it on it’s way. This is something that I believe is “to each their own” much like the elemental/directional associations. I have always followed what I believe to be correct, and have not noticed any  diminishment of the effectiveness of my spells :)


Disclaimer: No one involved in this blog or its contents may be held responsible for any adverse reactions arising from following any of the instructions/recipes on this list. It is the reader's personal responsibility to exercise all precautions and use his or her own discretion if following any instructions or advice from this blog.

Wednesday, January 14, 2009

Wednesday What Herb Is This - Ointments

When the subject of Witches' ointments is mentioned, the infamous "flying ointments"
immediately come to mind, at least to those with some interest in the history of  Witchcraft and magic. These salves, consisting of psychoactive plants steeped in a fatty
base, were rubbed onto the skin to aid in what is known today as astral projection.  These are not the only types of ointments known to Witches and magicians, however. Many others have more earthly uses that correlate to those of oils. In fact, any of the oils  mentioned in the Oil section can be converted to ointments simply by adding them to melted beeswax, lard or (in today's world) vegetable shortening. However made, ointments should ideally be kept in crystal or porcelain containers.  Realistically, any jars with tight-fitting lids will do fine. Keep ointments away from heat and light. Be warned - though most of the ointments discussed in this section are fairly innocuous, some of them are poisonous and may be lethal. By including them in this work, there is in no way advocating use of such hazardous mixtures. These ointments form a part of herb magic of long-gone days, and so are included here solely for their historical interest.

Making Ointments
Ointments are easily made. They consist simply of herbs or oils and a base. In the past, hog's lard was the preferred base because it was readily available, but vegetable shortening or beeswax produces the best results. The base must be a greasy substance that melts over heat but is solid at room temperature. Some herbalists actually use dinosaur fat (I.e., Vaseline, which is prepared from petroleum)! There are two basic ways to create magical ointments.

The Shortening Method
Gently heat four parts shortening over low heat until liquefied. Watch that it doesn't burn.
Add one part dried herbal mixture, blend with a wooden spoon until thoroughly mixed, and
continue heating until the shortening has extracted the scent. You should be able to smell it in the air. Strain through cheesecloth into a heat-proof container, such as a canning jar.
Add one-half teaspoon tincture of benzoin to each pint of ointment as a natural preservative. Store in a cool, dark place, such as the refrigerator. Ointments should last for weeks or months. Discard any that turn moldy, and lay in a fresh batch.

The Beeswax Method
This process creates a more cosmetic ointment without a heavy, greasy feeling. It is best to prepare it with oils rather than herbs, as it is difficult to strain. If possible, use unbleached beeswax. If not, use what you can find. Chip it with a large, sharp knife so that you can pack it into a measuring cup. Place one-fourth cup or so of beeswax in the top of a double boiler (something such as a coffee can set into a larger pot of water). Add about one-fourth cup olive, hazelnut, sesame or some other vegetable oil. Stir with a wooden spoon until the wax has melted into the oil. Remove from the heat and let cool very slightly, until it has just begun to thicken. (This step is taken so that the hot wax won't evaporate the oils.) Now add the mixed oils to the wax. Stir thoroughly with a wooden spoon and pour into a heat-proof container. Label and store in the usual way. In the recipes that follow, the recommended method of preparation will be mentioned.

Empowering Ointments ~ Once the ointment is made and has cooled in its jar, empower it with its particular magical need.  This vital step, remember, directs the energy within the ointment, readying it for your ritual use.

Using Ointments ~ Ointments are usually rubbed onto the body to effect various magical changes. As with oils, this is done with visualization and with the knowledge that the ointment will do its work.

Healing Ointment

  • 4 drops Cedarwood
  • 2 drops Sandalwood
  • 1 drop Eucalyptus
  • 1 drop Cinnamon
    Add to the melted beeswax/oil base, cool, and anoint the body to speed healing as needed. Do not apply to wounds, burns or broken skin!

Hex-Breaker Ointment

  • 3 parts Galangal
  • 2 parts Ginger root, dried
  • 2 parts Vetivert
  • 1 part Thistle
    Steep the herbs in shortening, strain, cool, and anoint the body at night.

Love Ointment

  • 4 drops Ylang-Ylang
  • 2 drops Lavender
  • 1 drop Cardamom
  • 1 drop Vanilla extract
    Add the oils to the beeswax/oil base. Make in the usual way and anoint the body when looking for love.

Lust Ointment

  • 3 parts Galangal
  • 2 parts Dill
  • 1 part Ginger
  • 1 part Peppermint
  • 1 whole Vanilla bean
    Prepare with shortening in the usual way. Anoint the body (but not to tender areas)

Moon Goddess Ointment

  • 5 drops Sandalwood
  • 3 drops Lemon
  • 1 drop Rose
    Prepare with the beeswax/oil base. Anoint yourself to attune with the Goddess of the Moon and during Full Moon rituals.

Protection Ointment

  • 2 parts Mallow
  • 2 parts Rosemary
  • 1 part Vervain
    Make in the usual way with shortening. Rub onto the body to drive out negative influences and to keep them far from you.

Psychic Powers Ointment

  • 3 parts Bay
  • 3 parts Star Anise
  • 2 parts Mugwort
  • 1 part Yerba Santa
    Make in the usual way with shortening. Anoint the temples, middle of the forehead and back of the neck to improve psychic powers.

Psychic Powers Ointment #2

  • 3 drops Lemongrass
  • 2 drops Bay
  • 1 Yarrow
    Mix with the beeswax/oil base and anoint as with the above formula.

Riches Ointment

  • 4 drops Patchouli
  • 3 drops Oakmoss Bouquet
  • 1 drop Clove oil
  • 1 drop Basil oil
    Make according to the beeswax/oil method and anoint the body and hands daily to attract riches.

Sun God Ointment

  • 4 drops Frankincense
  • 3 drops Orange
  • 1 drop Cinnamon
    Make according to the beeswax/oil method. Anoint the body to attune with the Solar God, especially on Wiccan Sabbats.

Witches' Ointment, Non-Toxic

  • 3 parts Vervain
  • 3 parts Sandalwood
  • 2 parts Cinnamon
  • 1 part Carnation petals
    Make in the usual way with shortening. Store in a container marked with a pentagram (five-pointed star, one point facing up). Anoint the body prior to Wiccan rituals to become one with the Goddess and God and that which lies beyond them.

Witches' Ointment, Non-Toxic

  • 3 drops Frankincense
  • 2 drops Myrrh
  • 1 drop Sandalwood
  • 1 drop Orange
  • 1 drop Lemon
    Make according to the beeswax/oil method. Use as with the above ointment.

Youth Ointment

  • 4 parts Rosemary
  • 2 parts Rose petals
  • 1 part Anise
  • 1 part Fern
  • 1 part Myrtle
    Make with shortening. For preserving or re-attaining youth, stand nude before a full-length mirror at sunrise and lightly anoint your body, visualizing yourself as you would like to be.

These recipes call for preparations that require oils. While it is perfectly acceptable (and sometimes necessary…) to use purchased oil, keep in mind that the more of your ingredient YOU make, the more they contain of your energy & intent. For general oils directions, you can go here


Disclaimer: No one involved in this blog or its contents may be held responsible for any adverse reactions arising from following any of the instructions/recipes on this list. It is the reader's personal responsibility to exercise all precautions and use his or her own discretion if following any instructions or advice from this blog.

Tuesday, January 13, 2009

Tuesday Try A New Taste – Brigit’s Serpent: A Baking Meditation

* Brigit's Serpent: A Baking Meditation *
By Starhawk, Diane Baker and Anne Hill

Early on Brigit's morn
Shall the serpent come from the hole,
I will not harm the serpent,
Nor will the serpent harm me.

You will need:

  • 4 C flour
  • 3 T sugar
  • 1 t salt
  • 1 T double acting baking powder
  • 4 T butter or margarine at room temperature
  • 1 1/2 C milk (or soy milk)
  • jam
  • dried fruit (cranberries, apricots, raisins, currants or cherries)

Set aside six raisins or cranberries. Chop the remaining dried fruit until you have a cup and place it in a bowl. Cover it with water and let it soak. Put the flour, sugar, salt and baking powder into a sifter. As you sift them together, say thank you for the different kinds of grains and foods that grow out of the earth. Cut the butter into small pieces, add to dry ingredients and mix, using your fingers. Say think you for any of the extra good things in your life - the things that you don't need but that make life more fun or richer, like butter on bread. The butter should end up so well mixed in that you can hardly see it, the four just looks a bit grainer than before. Make a well in the center of the mixture. Think about the well you have inside you, and what you need right now to fill it up. Pour the milk into the well, remembering that the Goddess always does fill our well of love and joy and ideas, and thanking her. Mix everything together, kneading it with your hands just enough to make it stick together. Don't knead it too much or it will get tough. Divide the dough into three parts. On a floured pastry board, roll and pull one section of the dough until it makes a long thin cylinder. Then roll it lengthwise with a floured rolling pin until it is even longer and thinner. IF you don't have room on the board, use the table. The dough should end up about 1/4 inch thick or slightly less. Spread jam on the dough, not quite to the edge. Make a line of the dried fruit all along the jam-covered dough. Think about what in your life you would like to see bear fruit, what poems you'd like to write, what pictures you'd like to paint, what creative things you'd like to do, and ask Brigit's blessing. Fold the dough up and over the fruit, so that you make a long tube. Pinch the seams shut. Grease and oil a cookie sheet. Place the tube on the cookie sheet and form it into a loose, open spiral. Form one end into a triangular serpent's head and place raisins or cranberries for eyes. Repeat with the other two sections of dough. Bake at 450 degrees for 20 to 25 minutes. Baking temperature is important. If your oven is not reliable, take special care. Before serving, say:

Brigit, we offer you this serpent,
Made of grain, and milk,
With thanks for the food that feeds our bodies,
The fire that feeds our spirit,
And the waters of healing.

Break off pieces and feed each other, saying:

May Brigit's serpent bring you inspiration.

Monday, January 12, 2009

Monday Make A – The Chandler’s Craft

A chandler is the craft person who makes it possible to see at night. The craftsperson makes candles.

One of the nicest folk-customs still practiced in many countries, and especially by Witches in the British Isles and parts of the U.S., is to place a lighted candle in each and every window of the house (or at least the windows that faced the street), beginning at sundown on Candlemas Eve (February 1st), allowing them to continue burning until sunrise. Make sure that such candles are well seated against tipping and guarded from nearby curtains, etc. What a cheery sight it is on this cold, bleak and dreary night to see house after house with candle-lit windows! And, of course, if you are your Coven's chandler, or if you just happen to like making candles, Candlemas Day is the day for doing it. Some Covens hold candle-making parties and try to make and bless all the candles they'll be using for the whole year on this day.

~~ Candlemas: The Light Returns
By Mike Nichols; August 28, 2000

* The Chandler's Craft *
By Willow Ragan


The very word evokes calm, mystery, warmth, romance and to those of us who walk in the ways of our ancestors: ceremony and ritual. Candles are as popular today as they were necessary as the only source of illumination in the not so distant past. In this day and age, candles are available in an ever-increasing variety of shapes, colors and scents. Scented, colored candles may work wonders in the bathroom while we soak in a hot tub, they may add a two-fold accent to a dinner-table setting or a casual get-together. Or they may give you a real headache if you're allergic to the synthetic perfumes used to give them their "unique" scents.
But what about ritual and magical purposes? Do you really want altar candles smelling of Gardenias and Sandalwood? Is cherry, blueberry or new mown hay the scent you had in mind when you carefully crafted your magical working? Has anyone been able to find good "old-fashioned" unscented, pillar or quarter candles recently? Well, maybe you have, but not in these parts and even in larger urban centers it's getting more and more difficult. From this frustration was born the idea for an article on the fine art of candle making. I realize many of you are probably too busy (as I often am) to make your own candles. Nevertheless you may find the odd afternoon or two that can be devoted to making up a stock of special or all-purpose candles.
Candle making can be approached as a form of ritual, no different than the crafting of an amulet or the making of an herbal charm. Making candles in consecrated space? Why not! They can be crafted on different days of the week or different phases of the moon and sun depending on their purpose. They can be made to specific color and scent combinations depending on the type of work of you'll be using them for. Powdered herbs can be added to the hot wax before pouring, small pieces of appropriate stone such quartz can be encrusted on the outer surface. The possibilities are endless.
In this article we'll be looking at the construction of the candles themselves. Information regarding the attributes of color, scent, herb and stones would turn a short article into a book far exceeding the size of this publication. At then end of the article you'll find a resource listing of candle making supply distributors, essential oils and bulk herb suppliers.


There are three types of candles: poured (molded), rolled and dipped. Depending on the method of fabrication, the wax can consist exclusively of beeswax, paraffin, or a mix of the two. Molded candles can have any shape or size, from multiple wicked pillars to delicate star or flower shapes suitable for floating in a bowl or goblet of water. They are usually made of pure paraffin or a mix of paraffin and beeswax. Rolled candles are made with sheets of beeswax that can be shaped into tapers, pillar and cones. Dipped candles come as tapers and can be made of pure beeswax, paraffin or a mix. With molded and dipped candles scent can be added to the molten wax, either through infusing herbs in the hot wax or by adding essential oils. Color can also be added to the hot wax. With rolled candles, scent is added to the wick. Beeswax sheets are available in many colors from their natural honey-beige through the usual white, black, reds, blues, greens and yellows. Some suppliers also carry metallic gold, silver and copper.


  • Beeswax - It takes an estimated 160,000 bees to make 60 pounds of honey that will yield about 1 pound of wax. When female worker bees excrete the wax, it is relatively white and odorless. The depth of its color and fragrance are determined by the use the wax was put to in the hive and the type of flower the bees were feeding from. Beeswax candles burn longer than paraffin candles, they are also dripless making them safer to use with ornate altar-cloths.

  • Paraffin - Paraffin, a petroleum product, revolutionized candle making in the 1860s. The addition of stearic acid, a purified form of tallow (hardened beef or sheep fat) makes the candles opaque and improves their burning quality. Acting as a hardening agent, 2 tbs. of stearic acid per pound of wax will produce a candle that drips less.


  • Blend of beeswax and paraffin - When making molded candles it is advisable to use a blend of beeswax and paraffin. According to Canadian candle maker William Nelson, the perfect candle is 51% beeswax, 10% stearic acid and 39% paraffin. Using more than 51% beeswax yields a candle that is tacky to the touch and difficult to unmold. Pure beeswax poured candles can be made using heatproof containers that serve the dual purpose of mold and candleholder. One could also experiment with cardboard or thick paper containers such as milk cartons and hot beverage paper cups, these could simply be peeled away once the candle was hardened. Any bumps or lines from these "molds" can be burnished away by gently rubbing it with a finger.


Adding scent to candles can be accomplished in several ways. The method used will vary depending on the type of candle and the form of scent being used.

  • Oil - Personally I prefer essential oils, it's what I recommend for adding scent to any magical or ritual preparation. To begin with, an oil created in living plant by the Mother is going to have a very different "feel" than synthetic chemicals mixed in a test-tube by someone whose sole objective is to make money. Secondly, I have yet to meet someone who has reacted badly to essential oils being used as air-borne scent (direct application of most undiluted essential oils to the skin is not recommended). Synthetic scents make me sneeze and give me a headache, included those is almost all of the most expensive perfumes. And finally synthetic candles scents are often simply too strong. With essential oils experimentation is necessary. The scent in the bottle may change when heated. To test, place a drop or two on a light. As the oil heats, its scent will diffuse, you'll then have a good idea of what the final product will be. Do not use "scented oils" such as perfumed oils or massage oils. The carrier base brings unnecessary additives to the wax and can affect the burning quality. Oils should be added to the hot wax just prior to pouring or dipping. The recommended amount is no more than 1/4 tsp. per pound of wax, or 1/2 fluid ounce per 5 pounds of wax. Stir it in well to distribute the oil throughout the wax so that it won't leave spots of discoloration as the wax hardens. Another way of adding oils to candles is to soak the wick in a small amount of oil before placing it in the mold or dipping. This is the method for adding scent to rolled candles.

  • Herbal Infusion - To add the scent and magical properties of herbs to candles, the herbs and flowers can be infused directly in the hot wax. Heat the wax to pouring temperature and add the herbs. Maintain this temperature for 45 minutes, then strain the wax. Depending on the herb used, the scent with this method may be much softer than with essential oils. Some plants such as Rosemary and Lavender have more aromatic oils and will give a stronger scent. Essential oils could be added after straining to increase the scent.

  • Dried Herbs - Adding crushed dried herbs to the wax before pouring (this can only be used for molded candles) will give a dappled appearance. Use loose dried herbs and matching essential oils for scent. The herbs will tend to drift towards the bottom of the candle.

  • Herbs and Oils - Herbs and oils can be used in combination, as most magical formula call for several plants, some could be added as oils, infused herbs and others as dried herbs.


Color can be added by two means. By using special candle dyes available through candle supply distributor and craft shops, or by using good quality wax crayons. Candle dyes will come with instructions. Wax crayons give a more pastel shading. Use no more than 1/2 crayon per pound of wax. Grate the crayon and add it to the melted wax. Stir it well to evenly distribute the color, to judge what the final color will look like, drop a teaspoon of the melted wax into a saucepan of cold water. It will set immediately, the color of the sample will be slightly lighter and less opaque than the finished candle.
***Note: some brands of crayons have been found to have
asbestos in them. So research the brand that you will use for coloring to make sure that your candles are safe.


Now that we've gone through the different substances used in candle making let's look at the equipment needed.

  • For molded and poured candles an electric deep-fat fryer or slow cooker can be used. These can often be found at garage sales or flea markets. They're great if you're going to be making large amounts of candles. They are also safer because the heating element is enclosed - wax that comes into contact with an open flame can flash into a fire. If you don't have, can't find or won't sacrifice (if you use it for candles you can't cook in it again) your cookware, a double boiler can be improvised by using a pot of water and a large coffee or juice can. If using a tin can, crimp one section of the edge to make a pouring lip. The nice thing about the fryer or cooker is that they often have thermometers and you can set them to the exact temperature you require.
  • In either case you'll need a candy thermometer to determine when the wax has reached pouring temperature. The smoothness of the finish (outside layer) is dependent on the temperature at pouring time.
  • A melting pitcher or something heat proof to pour the hot wax from, preferably stainless steel with a pouring lip and handle.
  • Potholder or oven mitt for handling the hot pitchers of wax. You could use a soup ladle in a pinch but it might get very messy, this is hot wax we're dealing with here.
  • Which is why you want to cover your "pouring/dipping" area with heavy-duty aluminum foil or wax paper.
  • Measuring spoons for oils, and stearic acid.
  • Wooden skewers or knitting needles for stirring the hot wax and poking the still melted candle (this prevents stir bubbles).
  • Scissors for cutting wicks.
  • Wick rod, a small rod that is strong enough to tie the wick to in mild setups - pencils, small skewers, strong wire rod.
  • Non-stick cooking spray wiped on the inside of the mold with a cloth, this helps the candle come out of the mold more easily.
  • A sharp knife or pizza cutter and smooth cutting surface for making rolled candles.
  • And of course, wax
  • stearic acid
  • wicking material
  • crayons or wax color
  • essential oils
  • herbs
  • molds.
  • There are other tools needed for special techniques such as appliqué, they'll be enumerated when those topics are covered.

Methods of Fabrication

  • How much wick - For molded and rolled candles, the wick should be at least 1/2 inch longer then the desired height of the candle. For dipped candles, see that section. Size 1/0 square braided wick will work in candles from 1/2 inch to 3 inches in diameter. Wick should be trimmed to 1/4 inch before burning.
  • Molded candles - Prepare each mold by wiping the inside with a cloth that has been sprayed with cooking spray. If you're using milk cartons or other peel-away mold, skip this step. Place the wicking securely in the mold, if you're using peel-away molds, coat the wicking with wax so that it dries straight, put a small dab of hot wax in the bottom of the "mold" and stick the wick to it. Then wrap the top end around a pencil or skewer laid across the top of the mold.
    The mold is now ready to receive the molten wax. Melt the wax (and stearic acid, crayon or color buds if desired) and stir. Bring it to the recommended pouring temperature. This will be between 160 F and 190 F depending on the wax, follow the directions that come with the wax you buy. When the wax has reached the correct temperature add scent and dried herbs if you like. Pour the wax into the molds to the desired height. As the wax cools, the top, which becomes the bottom of the candle if you're using a commercial mold, will shrink and develop a hollow. Using a knitting needle poke through the surface a few times to eliminate any air pockets, then fill the depression with more wax. You may need to do this several times, depending on the size of your candle, to level off the top. Leave the candle to cool and harden 12 to 24 hours before removing it from the mold.
  • Dipped candles - To make dipped candles, you need to use a pot that is a least 1 inch deeper than the desired length of the candles. You will also need to keep the wax topped off to the same level even as the candles increase in size. You also need to set up a drying rack before you begin making the candles. This "rack" can be made by laying a 2-3 inch wide piece of wood across the back of two chairs that are set a few feet apart. Put newspaper on the floor for the dripping wax to fall on. Any wax can be used, including pure beeswax. Wax temperature must remain constant - between 160 F and 170 F. If the wax is too hot, the previously accumulated wax will melt off, if it is too cold, the new layer will be lumpy.
    To make tapers, loop
    lengths of small-sized wicking about a foot longer than the desired length of the two candles. Each pair should be separated from other pairs by two to three inches along the edge of the board. Heat the wax as usual, and dip the wick in the wax to the depth of the desired length of candle for about five seconds. Placed the freshly dipped candles on the rack to set. Expect about 40 dips to produce a pair of candles a bit less than 1 inch wide across at the base.
  • Rolled Candles - The basic thing to know about rolling beeswax candles is that they seem to roll the best at normal room temperature (70 -80 F). If the wax is too cold, it will not "want" to roll and may crack. At the very least it will not stick to itself and your candle will be loose and not burn well. If the wax is too warm it will be too soft to roll, the pattern in the wax will get flattened out while rolling, and your finger will leave dents in the candle. The most important thing is to get good contact between the wax sheet and the wick. Therefore, the first wrap is the most critical.
    Press the wick into the wax on all sides. Spread you finger along the length of the candle for even rolling, the outer edge simply gets pressed into the candle. If you like, slightly heat the wax (or a butter knife) to help blend the outer edge into the candle. This will help keep the candle from unraveling. The sheets are generally 8 x 16 inches, wide and long enough to make tapers, pillars and cones.
  • Rolled Tapers - To make a pair of 8 inch tapers, use one sheet. Cut the sheet in half, place the wick along one edge. Roll it carefully, watching the edges to help you roll straight. For a tapered look, cut a small triangle off the top and start rolling from the longest end. Roll the same direction on the sheet so that the honeycomb pattern looks the same on both candles. To make 4 inch tapers, cut the sheet into 4 inch intervals, place wick along 4 inch edge and roll towards the opposite end. This is also the direction to roll in if you want to make single 12 or 16 inch tapers. One sheet will yield one 16 or one 12 and one 4 inch taper.
  • Rolled Pillars - To make a 4 inch pillar, approximately 2.5 inches in diameter requires two full sheets. Place the sheets on top of the other and  cut the sheets in half length-ways. Place the wick along the 4 inch edge of one of the 4 x 16 inch sheets and roll tightly and evenly around the wick. After rolling that entire sheet into a small pillar candle, place the next sheet end to the end of the sheet you've just rolled and continue rolling, making sure that the top edge remains aligned. Continue doing this till all four sheets have been rolled into your pillar candle. The uncut edges are usually more attractive than the freshly cut edges, so position the sheets so that the newly cut edge will be on the bottom. You can also make an 8 x 3 inch pillar by using three sheet of wax, just place the wick along one end and roll as with the other candles, then place the second sheet against the edge of the first sheet and roll. Repeat with the third sheet.
  • Rolled Cones - Spirals or cones happen because of a diagonal cut in a sheet of wax that is rolled against the straight edge of the sheet. Sheets can be placed end to end (with varying colors if desired) before the cut is made. This will yield two 8 inch spirals.

Special Techniques

Candles can be decorated by using and appliqué method. Pressed herbs and flowers or wax forms can be applied to candles. Appliqué is best suited to pillar candles, either round or square will do.

  • Wax Appliqué
    For this technique you'll need:
  • a "core" candle
  • a cookie cutter in the desired shape (star, flower, etc.) or sharp knife to carve with if you're using a symbol that isn't available in cookie cutter form
  • wax
  • color
  • scent
  • a baking pan to make the forms in
  • a bowl to hold warm water
  • a bowl to hold cold water
  • a small paintbrush
  • . If you're using an original design or runic form it's best to draw and cut a template on fairly rigid cardboard like poster-board or even using a file-folder.

    Prepare some colored wax for your appliqué, the amount of wax you prepare will depend on how many candles you are decorating and how many designs you use per candle. Pour 1/16( to 1/8( layer in the bottom of the baking pan. Allow it to cool until solid, but still warm. Press the cookie cutter into the wax or position your template and cut around it with a sharp knife. Remove the excess wax from around the shapes and allow them to cool completely. Removing them before they harden may distort the pattern. When they are completely cool remove the shapes from the pan and place them in a bowl of warm tap water until soft. When soft, remove from water and gently burnish the sides with your finger, this is to smooth out cut marks. Then immediately press against the core candle. Once the appliqué has taken the curvature of the candle, place it in cold water immediately. Repeat for all the appliqué. To attach the appliqué to the candle, apply tacky wax to the back of the appliqué and gently press to the candle. Repeat until complete.
  • Herbal appliqué 
    For this you'll need
  • a "core" candle
  • some hot wax
  • a small flat paintbrush
  • the herbs of your choice.
    Herbs and flowers used
    for this purpose need to be pressed and dried for a few days in a plant press or substitute, such a phone book. Arrange the pressed flowers and herbs on your work surface. Dab them with a bit of white glue or hot wax and immediately position them on the candle, pressing them onto the surface until the wax hardens or glue dries and they are held firmly in place. Coat the design with a thin layer of hot wax to hold the herbs in place permanently and to keep them from being scuffed and broken. There are various ways of doing this. The simplest way is to paint hot wax onto the candle's surface until the herbs are completely coated. To produce a smoother, flatter surface, you can dip the entire candle by its wick for a few seconds into melted wax up to its upper edge. Don't fill the wax container to the top because as you dip the candle it will displace its volume in wax and the level will rise; experiment to find out how much wax it takes and use a double boiler so that any overflow goes into the surrounding water.

There you have it, everything you may (or not) have ever wanted to know about candle making, so gather round a few of your friends, heat up some wax and enjoy the time honored craft of chandling.


Beeswax, History and Use. Roger A. Morse, Department of Entomology of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell
Elementary, My Dear Chandler, Harrowsmith Country Life Reader, 1990, Camden House Pub.
Light up your Life, The Herb Companion, Oct/Nov 1994.
Lumina, on-line articles
WaxedOut Candles, on-line articles

Disclaimer: No one involved in this blog or its contents may be held responsible for any adverse reactions arising from following any of the instructions/recipes on this list. It is the reader's personal responsibility to exercise all precautions and use his or her own discretion if following any instructions or advice from this blog.